The Sirohi goat is a medium to large sized goat breed reared for its milk and meat production. This animal in the goat family is named after its origin or breeding tract, in the Sirohi district of Rajasthan, India. It is believed that the Sirohi goat was developed by the Raika community of Rajasthan, known to be linked with the development of many livestock or farm breeds.
As mentioned above, the known original breeding tract of the Sirohi goat breed is in Sirohi district. Now, it has expanded to Jaipur, Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Rajasamand, Tonk, Udaipur, Sikar, Chittaurgarh, Jhunjhunu and other districts of Rajasthan and adjoining region of northern Gujarat. It does not require deep analysis to know that the Sirohi goat breed is one of the most recognized and well-received goat breeds in India.
The Sirohi goat breed is becoming so popular that it has already extended to nearby areas. As per the 18th livestock census analysis, some Sirohi goat breeds are already available in southern states of Kerala and Karnataka.
The Sirohi goat breed are animals with medium to large, compact conical or cylindrical bodies. It is believed that cylindrical-shaped animals yield better meat while animals with conical body characteristic are good milk producers. An adult Sirohi goat may have a depression in the thoracic area, giving a saddle back appearance. Fairly dense, coarse and short hair covers the body of a Sirohi goat.
Prominent colors of Sirohi goats are generally brown, with dark to light brown patches or spotted or patterned brown. Both spotted and plain brown types are available in three color shades – light, medium and dark. It is very rare for a Sirohi goat to be completely white. The overall body coat of a Sirohi goat is shiny but some may also possess a hairy coat.
The face of a Sirohi goat is typically straight or slightly raised. The ears are of the drooping type, medium-sized and flat and usually likened to a leaf. The horn of an adult female and male Sirohi goat has pointy tips and generally curve backward and/or upward. However, there are also other external patterns observed. Some members of the Sirohi goat breed may also be polled (without horns). In terms of beard or wattle, the Sirohi goat breed usually have two wattles hanging from the beard under the lower jaw or from the neck. According to a study conducted by Indo-Swiss Goat Project, wattles were only present in about 30% of the Sirohi goat breed.
The udder of a female Sirohi goat is round and small, with the teats placed laterally. Around 6% of the Sirohi goat breed have supra-mammary teats for lactation.
Sirohi goats can generally be bred anytime through the year but several online citations have established data that the major breeding season of these animals is from May to July. The kidding season commences by October to December. The gestation period of a pregnant Sirohi goat runs for about 150 days.
In numerous science assessment and vet experiences, a female Sirohi goat usually has a single birth; twins or triplets are very rare.
If a Sirohi goat is being raised for meat, male animals can be pre-selected based on its 3 month body weight, then re-confirmed by the 6th or 9th month body weight. If a Sirohi goat’s life function is for meat and milk, the males can be selected on a combined score of an animal’s body weight at 6 or 9 months while a female Sirohi goat can be selected based on the first three months of its first milk yield.
The Sirohi goat breed is popular for its genetic and natural weight gain and lactation even under harsh environments or poor quality breeding conditions. This breed is known for its prime health making it go through life amid different or adverse climatic conditions (winter, drought) and be resistant to major agro related diseases.
There are existing YouTube videos showing Sirohi goats at play or being milked. While it is true that a Sirohi goat breed can be raised for dual purposes (milk and meat), its yield of goat milk is not enough to bring some wheels into motion; for short, it’s not that impressive.
A female Sirohi goat can yield an average of 0.5 to 0.6 kg of milk in a day. The lactation period goes on for four months and during that period, only an average of 70kgs of milk can be obtained. Traditional weaning age of kids is 3 months.
The goat price depends on a large number of factors mainly season, age, local market demand, health condition, sex, size and weight. There’s also a different price range for wholesale goat purchases. Farmers who are planning to purchase a male Sirohi goat for breeding may shell out a little bit more. Logistic data is also a factor in the total price of a Sirohi goat (delivery, handling, etc.)
In its local currency, a male Sirohi goat may cost around 175 to 200 Rupees per kg while a female Sirohi goat may cost around 150 Rupees per kg.
Purchasing a Sirohi goat, or any goat or livestock animal for that matter, is an investment. Therefore, careful analysis and gathering of pertinent data information needs to be done to ensure that wastage of money will be eliminated and that there will be no hazard or death that will happen to the animal(s) in the near future.
From the weather condition down to the size of the pasture or stall fed, you need to be prepared especially since the Sirohi goat breed gains weight really fast.