The Oberhasli goat is known to be a modern American dairy goat breed (Capra aegagrus hircus). The Oberhaslis are derived from the subtype of Chamois colored goats that originated from Central Switzerland, specifically from Bern Canton. All of the purebred animal of the breed are descendants of either of the five Chamois Colored Goats that were imported to the United States in 1936.
In 1977, a breeder’s association was formed and in the following year, a herd book was established. Oberhasli goats have also been referred to as Swiss Alpine and were interbred with other Alpine goat breeds.
Until the 1970s, Oberhasli dairy goats were registered as Swiss Alpines, while the crossbreeds with American Alpine or French Alpine were registered under the American Alpines. In 1977, an association of breeders, the Oberhasli Breeders of America was established. Eventually, the distinctive Oberhasli goat breed was accepted as an official goat breed by the American Dairy Goat Association.
In the records of scientific publication, a breeder in California, Esther Oman, was noted to maintain and take care of the purebred herd.
The coloring of Oberhasli goat breed is commonly known as “chamoisee”, perceived for its resemblance to the wildlife animal, Alpine chamois. The coat or hair color may be mid-brown, red brown or bay, with black markings that may consist of two black facial stripes that go through the eyes to the muzzle or to an area behind the poll. There is no hint of a Roman nose in the Oberhasli goat appearance because of its dished or straight face.
The Oberhasli goat may also have a photo finish coloring characterized with a black forehead, mule/brown stripe or black dorsal stripe, black lower legs, chest, knee and belly. Does may have a solid black appearance but Oberhasli bucks may have mixed colored coat hairs. The insides of the ears of these mammals are black in color.
Thanks to the gentle and friendly disposition of the Oberhasli goat, they can actually be an ideal pet. A mature Oberhasli goat is usually medium-sized; does range from 28 to 32 inches in height while bucks range from 30 to 34 inches in height. Male and female Oberhasli goats have an average weight of 100 to 150 pounds.
Oberhasli goat breed is just one of the many products of selective breeding of animals to thrive in different climate and work for a specific purpose. Just like most other goat breeds, the Oberhasli goat can withstand almost any weather but they are in their most cheery health during summer.
The average milk production of an Oberhasli goat can reach up to 1,600 pounds per year with an average of 3.6% butterfat. Just like other farm or livestock animals (cattle, horse, duck, rabbit, etc.) that are raised for its potential products, the Oberhasli goat is used for the production of natural resources, most especially milk.
The female Oberhasli goat usually comes into sexual season sometime between August to January. During this period, the female goats are in heat for 1-2 days for every 18-21 day cycle. Once bred successfully, the gestation period begins and it runs for about 155 days. The mammary glands of the female Oberhasli goat then begins to prepare production of fresh milk for its kids, that will eventually be produced for humans.
Reproduction of Oberhasli goat breeds is important to avoid extinction and to further develop their genes for the sake of evolution and agriculture.